Without changes in the West?
Zachodniopomorskie voivodeship is the fifth largest region in Poland, and the indisputable leader in a number of statistics connected with agriculture.
Legacy of collective farming
Following WW II, the voivodeships in the West were plotted with PGR’s, or Collective State Farms. Those were destined for dissolution after the political transformation initiated in 1989. The farm management system was reformed. New to the free market, the agricultural manufacturers immediately faced problems which impacted their financial situation adversely. Obsolete farming methods and technology, as well as low efficiency of production made it difficult for farmers to generate profits, or even avoid losses. Once Poland joined the EU, farmers from Pomorze Zachodnie were eager to participate in various programs targeted at the inhabitants of the countryside.
Zachodniopomorskie at the top
The voivodeship is distinguished by the fact that farmland is concentrated in large-sized individual farms. With a mean size of 30 hectares, farms are far bigger than the national average (c. 10 ha). The proportion of farms exceeding 50 hectares is also the highest at 6,5%. Additionally, the average acreage of farmland where plants are sown (25 ha) is three times larger than the Polish average (7.2 ha). In order to make the best possible use of impressive acreages, farmers in Zachodniopomorskie invest in modern equipment and in mineral fertilizers, which puts them among the national leaders of NPK products users. They apply from 184.7 kg to 134.3 kg fertilizers per 1 hectare of farmland in good agricultural practice.
Farmers from Zachodniopomorskie keep an eye on the current trends in nutrition and use such opportunities, becoming very active in the production of organic food. Favorable conditions (including lack of major industrial plants) and growing demand for healthy foods made the voivodeship the leader of the sector, with the percentage of organic farms reaching 4.7%. Moreover, the agricultural manufacturers unite in manufacturing groups (currently there are c. 70), which facilitates competition on EU markets. Over 30% of farms in Pomorze Zachodnie produce goods which are meant solely for being traded.