Vertical farming stands for the production of food in a purpose-build, multistory buildings. Although the term sounds futuristic, such structures exist already and more are currently being planned or built.
The technology which is required for this kind of plantations has existed for years. Vertical farming is a modification of greenhouse farming methods. With the use of new technologies and the benefits of LED lighting, the power-saving lighting systems, it became possible to have a very efficient and effective system of food production on a very small piece of land. One hectare of a vertical farm equals 4-6 hectares of conventional plantations. The efficiency may be multiplied by adding even more levels to the structure.
Revitalization of urban areas
Thanks to vertical farming, run-down urban areas may be revitalized and the production of good-quality, safe foodstuffs will be possible in towns and cities. The consumption of fossil fuels is going to be reduced, as this kind of farming dispenses with the use of tractors or the transportation of food over large distances. Additionally, it will be possible to free up and regenerate eco-systems which are now used as farmland. Agriculture may cease to be dependent on weather conditions.
See you in Poland?
Investments in vertical farming projects are unlikely to appear in Poland soon, as the acreage of farmland available in our country is still plentiful. Vertical farming methods might therefore turn out to be unprofitable. However, the construction of farming towers could prove beneficial for societies in which the vast majority of the population lives in cities and population density is high. Japan, Korea and Singapore are the best examples of this category. If vertical farming becomes popular in those countries, them might help free up farmland, which is very precious there. The technology could also help those nations to become less dependent on food importation from other countries.