The youth take over farming in Africa

| Foreign Markets |

The 4th African Green Revolution Forum was organized in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa in early September. New strategies concerning the transformation of modern agriculture on the continent were the main topic of the meeting.

Current challenges for Africa

The struggle with malnourishment and famine is one of the leading issues which require solutions. At present, over 200 million African people do not have access to food which would satisfy their needs sufficiently, so that they could function normally. Also, over 126 million children are underweight, and 5 million African people die each year due to undernourishment. The so-called “green revolution” could help solve those problems.

Another “green revolution”

“Green revolution” is far from a newly-coined term. It was first used in 1960′. Originally, it also involved tackling famine and improving the efficiency of farming in the so-called “Third World” countries. This was to be done by introducing new, more resistant kinds of cereals, as well as increasing the use of fertilizers and pesticides. However, due to shortage of systemic solutions, the results of the initiative proved quite the opposite of the original intentions. Learning from this experience and taking advantage of new opportunities and knowledge, which is more advanced than 50 years ago, the current activists of the African Union or the African Green Revolution Forum, are taking steps towards another, more effective “green revolution”.

Time for the youth

The politicians, agricultural manufacturers, scientists and NGO members who met in Addis Ababa believe that the project could succeed thanks to the young. Inclusive activities, which are meant to get the new generation involved in agriculture, are essential. What was therefore stressed the most was the necessity to create policies in particular countries, which would help reinforce the importance of agriculture as the basis of the functioning of the whole continent. What was stressed many times, however, is that actions were more needed than words. Are the findings of the Forum going to be implemented and the famine in Africa will have been eradicated by 2025, just as Malabo Declaration predicts? Time will show.