The needs of African farming
Despite the fact that 60% of the African workforce are employed in agriculture, the sector contributes as little as 25% to the continent’s GDP. What is the reason for this situation?
Migration away from the countryside
The primary factor impacting the current situation of African farming is the wave of young people moving from the villages to towns and big cities. The perspective of toil on the farm, with only basic tools and equipment available, and recurring problems resulting from the weather and climate discourage the youth from pursuing the occupation which their parents had chosen. Despite the fact that agriculture fuels the local economy in numerous parts of Africa, fewer and fewer people are ready to seek farm jobs.
The paradox of labor in agriculture
Africa is one of the places where the young have difficulty finding jobs, and the issue is aggravated by the continuing population growth. In Sub-Saharan area alone, there are 200 million people aged 15 to 24, but the figure is expected to double by 2045. However, it is in agriculture that most jobs are to be found. Employees are sought after by rice plantation owners, who could take on a majority of the 17 million fresh entrants on the job market in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Adequate conditions are required
African experts on agriculture stress the fact that the sector is in dire need of organized support, and of an impulse which will help boost the spirit of competition. One of the crucial elements of this process is giving farmers easier access to the market, facilitating sales, and at the same time motivate them to modernize agricultural methods used on their farms. These are the goals set by Comprehensive African Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP), adopted by the leaders of African nations. The Programme involves allocating 10% of national budgets to the development of agriculture. However, as few as 9 out of 54 countries have decided to implement these promises so far. According to the World Bank, African agricultural business might be worth as much as 1 trillion USD in 2030! It is a good idea to start investing on this market now!