Despite a fall in the number of the people who are chronically undernourished, famine remains an unsolved problem. It has been possible to reduce the scale of the phenomenon to a large extent, thanks to dynamic economic growth in some parts of the world. Still, the issue remains an acute problem for the whole globe.
In 2011-13, 842 million people in the world consumed too little food to satisfy the daily nutritional requirements of their bodies. The figure means that famine affects 12% of the world population. Admittedly, there has been some progress, as this proportion stood at 17% in 1990-92. However, as many as 827 million people trying to cope with undernourishment inhabit the developing counties!
Weapons in the war on hunger
A stable political situation in a country, access to natural resources and economic growth (often based on cheap labor) all result in a decrease of the number of the hungry. Lack of warfare and natural disasters provide favorable conditions for agricultural development and secure safe access to foodstuffs. Regions where situation has improved in this respect are Central, East and South-East Asia, Latin American countries and states in the Caribbean.
Farming is the opportunity
Today there are 2.5 billion people in the world who make a living as farmers, using 40% of the land on Earth for this purpose. On the other hand, there remain many countries, in particular developing ones, which do not make the most of the opportunities that the latest technological innovations in agricultural science have brought. However, a wider use of artificial fertilizers which increase volume of crops may prove an efficient tool for combating global famine.