New species of birds in Works’ vicinity

| Enviromental Protection |

For over a decade, the premises of Our Works and the surrounding area have been becoming a better habitat for various kinds of plants and animals. Ornithologists have reported the appearance of interesting species of birds.

Shelter for the winter

In winter, birds are drawn to water reservoirs which do not freeze, such as ditches carrying water from the heat and power plant in the Works. The place attracts numerous ducks, sea ducks, swans and cormorants from the North. Rare species appear periodically among the well-known ones. A great northern loon stayed here for a few days recently. This arctic species inhabits North American tundra, Greenland and Iceland. The birds migrate South in the winter, but tend to remain at the seashore. Spotting of the loon was the second time the species was seen in Lublin area. Ornithologists explain that the bird is expert at diving in search of food, fish in particular. A loon is able to remain underwater for as long as 3 minutes and resurface as far as 200 meters from the place it disappeared under water. The bird was seen catching crayfish in the Vistula in Puławy, which only proves that the water in the longest river in Poland is very clean in the vicinity of Grupy Azoty PUŁAWY premises.

Other visitors

Another guest from the North, a red-breasted merganser, appeared this winter on top of the company waste tank. The species is more common in Poland than the loon, but it is mostly spotted on the Baltic Sea shore.

A golden eagle, which has also been seen a few times near Nitrates Works, breeds in the mountains. The majority of the exceptionally small population of this eagle – the biggest eagle species present in Poland – lives in Karpaty mountains. A young golden eagle which appeared in the vicinity of the Works is likely to be spending the winter in the region.

They chose to breed

Apart from rare species that visit the community, there are also birds which chose to start a family next to the Works. We take pride in a couple of peregrine falcons that set up a nest on one of the factory chimneys. There are as few as 30 pairs of this species in Poland. “Puławy outpost” is the northernmost nest of the peregrine in the country. Thanks to falcons which prey on other birds, we learned about the diversity of bird species in the region. The menu of Puławy peregrines was found to be made up of as many as 50 various species, including little terns, which are on the Polish Red.