Is climate-smart agriculture an opportunity for the world?
“Climate-smart agriculture” (CSA) is a term referring to the farming methods which adapt to climate change. How is it done?
Climate and demographics dictate the rules
CSA is a trend in politics, technology and investment strategy, aiming at synergistic effects that could provide food security in the fast-changing world. Demographics and climate are the leading factors which influence the global situation. According to FAO forecast, the world population will have risen to 8 billion people by 2050. If the farming sector is to provide adequate amounts of food for such a population, the agricultural production needs to grow by 60%! At the same time, the climate change needs to be taken into consideration by farmers who plan the development of their farms. Those fundamental assumptions are behind the idea of CSA.
The people who promote the idea of CSA believe that the greenhouse effect is one of the main causes of global warming. FAO calculations say that the share of agriculture in the global carbon dioxide emissions is 17%. Consequently, CSA involves intensive activity to reduce CO2 production, for example by striving to reduce the quantity of this gas produced per kilogram of foodstuffs, also bearing in mind that food security remains a priority.
Observing climate change, scientists expect the acreage of food plantations in the world to change. Growth of land used as farmland is seen in areas with mean and high latitude, while in the tropical and subtropical zones, the acreage of farmland is falling. The situation might lead to increasing the differences between the developing and developed countries. We need to ask ourselves whether the concept of climate-smart agriculture is a sufficient tool motivating the people of the Earth to work together towards sustainable development.