“Fosfory” support agriculture

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Gdańskie Zakłady Nawozów Fosforowych ”Fosfory” Sp. z o.o. boasts a tradition of over 100 years. I am particularly proud of to be taking the helm of the company at the time of its rapid development, and share this experience with the Readers of this blog.

We started in 1912

Our Works originated as Die Chemische Fabrik, which was established by entrepreneurs from Wrocław and located in Westerplatte, a district of Gdańsk. The factory produced mainly sulfuric acid for the German military industry. During World War II the plant was destroyed, only to be rebuilt in 1947. As a result of the demographic boom after 1945, demand for agricultural produce grew. Farming began to be more reliant on chemical products, which made it possible to provide safe food supply. In the 1960′ the renovated building began to be transformed into a plant manufacturing phosphorous fertilizers on American license. In mid-1970′ the enterprise reached the planned output capacity of 300,000 tonnes per year.

Why phosphorous?

Phosphorous is an essential element, indispensable for the proper functioning of living organisms. The element plays a crucial role in the cellular transport of energy. Plants require phosphorous especially in the first period of their growth, otherwise they might become undernourished, which results in smaller yield. Usually phosphorous is deficient in the soil, so using phosphorous-based fertilizers guarantees efficient agricultural production. Triple granulated superphosphate manufactured by Gdańskie Zakłady Nawozów Fosforowych contains three times more phosphrous than simple superphosphates and may be applied before the sowing in all kinds of crops.


After 1989 Our Works were transformed into a limited liability company with 100% shares held by the Treasury. Due to subsequent changes in the shareholder structure, GZNF “Fosfory” became a part of Zakłady Azotowe “PUŁAWY” S.A. Capital Group in 2011. In the meantime, in 1996-97 an NPK manufacturing line was launched, and sulphuric acid production gained the status of Best Available Technology in 2003. Apart from manufacturing chemical products, Our Works boast successful laboratory activity. Also, thanks to the advantageous location and the modernization of the Chemists’ Wharf, we may offer handling services. We are currently able to service ships with 30,000 tonnes carrying capacity. I may add that the total value of handled goods was 1.5 million tonnes in 2004.

Today, as a part of Grupa Azoty, or the second largest fertilizers manufacturer in Europe, we are a significant chain of the company. The need to supply Polish farmers with high quality phosphorous-based fertilizers remains valid, and we are well capable of satisfying this demand.