Farming in Poland today – European Economic Congress 2013

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Present condition of Polish agricultural sector was one of the most frequent topics discussed at European Economic Congress 2013 held in Katowice.

Giving an unequivocal opinion about the current situation in Polish farming is far from easy. This sector of economy is highly diversified it terms of various regions, level of agricultural technology and in economic terms. Let us then take a look at developments in Polish farming.

Agriculture and EU subsidies

Next year will mark the 10th anniversary of Poland joining the European Union. Our membership in this organization has undoubtedly brought about significant progress in national farming. This is of particular importance in the context of the proposed future EU budget. We also ought to consider the extent to which EU funding boosts rural entrepreneurship, and to which it is merely a measure supporting farmers and helping improve their standard of living.

Disparities in the development of Polish villages

Polish farms have remained considerably diversified. Disproportions in development are huge. For example in Opolskie Voivodeship the consumption of fertilizers is three times higher than Podkarpacie region. In Warmińsko-Mazurskie Voivodeship farms over 18% of farms measure over 20 hectares, while in Małopolska region less than 1% of farms reach the size of 20 hectares.

Is farming efficient?

Interpretation of data concerning agriculture is equally difficult. On the one hand, the sector generates 3% of Polish GDP. On the other hand, over 12.3% of Polish workforce is employed in the countryside, meaning that efficiency of labor in the agricultural sector is far below the European average. However, I remain doubtful whether the methodology of compiling data about employment in agriculture is the same as that in European statistics. If not, we might want to reconsider the value of the above-mentioned comparison.

Effective fertilizing is crucial for success

As manufacturers of fertilizers, we have two priorities: delivering high-end quality products as well as providing knowledge about how to apply fertilizers in the best and the most efficient manner. Such mindset shapes our whole approach to the business. A farmer who enjoys higher revenue is certainly a better trade partner for such companies as ours.

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