Crop planning and climate diversity

| Enviromental Protection |

Climate type has considerable impact on the quantity and quality of yield, making it advisable to take a closer look at the annual rainfall and temperature while planning the crops. Also, depending on the latitude of the farm, particular kinds of cereals and cultivation methods prove the most suitable. Instead of monoculture, or planting a single crop, it is worthwhile to use the more innovative solutions.

In a project conducted by Grains Research and Development, scientists have been collecting computer simulation data from plantations and pastureland. The results have led to a conclusion that using the information about the weather collected over the past 50 years may help to foresee the potential of farming models to a large extent. The research has proven that farmers planning the cultivation method need to take into consideration local climate conditions. The climate which is characteristic of the given latitude and the amount of rainfall in May and June have turned out to have an marked influence on crops efficiency.

Irrigation is the basis

Dean Thomas, the head researcher at CSIRO (The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation), has said that better results may be gained thanks to using traditional irrigation methods based on summer rains, which provide the most nutrients. In this period, the nutrients and moisture are stored and utilized better by the ecosystem, rather than being leached out from the soil quickly.

Surprising research results

In the test, each field where perennial grasses had been established was sown over with a winter grain crop. The grass remained dormant and used little water in the times of high rainfall. The scientists concluded that crop yield performance improved if the type of crop and the cultivation method had been selected with the local climate in mind. Another finding was that the best crops can be achieved by using various systems, the careful use of monoculture, and utilizing the potential of pastureland.

Climate is the essential factor in efficient agriculture

Attention ought to be paid to researching the local climate and estimating the rainfall in various seasons of the year. Data from the spring and the summer needs to be considered if yield performance is to be high and the cropping system is to prove effective.