Contemporary farming and problems posed by globalization

| Polish Market |

Polish agriculture requires an impulse leading to modernization. Domestic farms need more resources allocated to innovation. Resources ought to be used better, and productivity should be improved, as the competition from global food corporations is on the rise. Farming that is adaptable to such conditions may cope with the challenges posed by globalization.

Agriculture in the globalized world

The agricultural model which has been dominant so far was targeted at producing food on a large scale at a relatively low cost and using simple technology. This model is becoming obsolete, though. Globalization, which has opened up external markets to the Polish food manufacturers, questioned the profitability of such production. The model was also inadequate as it did not address the need to pay more attention to the natural environment.

Changes are indispensable

When Poland opened up to the Western markets and later joined the European Union, a series of challenges appeared for the national agricultural sector, due to the increasing globalization of the economy. Meeting those challenges adequately will be possible only if changes aiming at increasing the innovative edge of Polish agriculture are introduced systematically.

Apart from innovation, the transformation needs to concern capital creation and resource allocation. The impulse for changes needs to come from the outside, from local authorities, regional government and representatives of the business world.

Polarization of agriculture

The proponents of subjecting agriculture to the rules of the free market economy opt for basing agriculture on two quite diverse models. One would encompass large, profitable and modern farms, while the other would refer to smaller homesteads scattered in the rural countryside and destined to transform into multifunctional businesses whose activity goes beyond farming. The polarization could modify the agrarian structure of the Polish countryside, but is unlikely to cure all its ailments.

Towards innovation

The ultimate goal is to increase the added value created in agriculture constantly, which is possible if farm management improves and efficiency grows. The development of farming needs to be based on boosting the efficiency and increasing the level of innovation. Such objectives might be reached if sustainable agriculture is promoted well, in cooperation with scientists and businesspeople, and using the support of local and state authorities.