Climate change poses a threat to wheat

| Foreign Markets |

Climate changes are having a more and more visible impact on agriculture and food manufacturing in the world. Experts on the topic have some alarming news: wheat yields are going to fall by 6% each time the temperature on the planet increases by one degree Celsius. On the international scale, this means as many as 42 million tonnes of wheat fewer each year.

Wheat is the third most popular cereal in the world (after maize and rice). The global market of wheat production is dominated by EU countries, China, India, the USA and Russia.

Climate change and wheat

Farmers have reasons to fear. According to the most recent calculations, climate changes might have a disastrous impact on wheat yields in the future. Due to the rising temperature on a global scale, the crops in the vast majority of the world will be poorer. The estimated reduction could even reach 42 million tonnes with every degree. The most recent report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) says that the average temperature in the world might rise by 5 degrees Celsius by 2100! Put together, those figures provide reasons to fear.

Threat to food security

Global warming is one problem, but the volatility of wheat crops volume could also prove dangerous for the economies of particular countries. The changes result from unpredictable weather conditions in some parts of the Earth. The changeable nature of those elements undermines the global stability of crops, as well as global food security, which could bring about sudden changes of prices on the international markets.