Changes in worldwide food security

| Foreign Markets |

In the previous post we focused on food security in the context of our country. Now I would like to take a look at the statistics concerning other parts of the globe.


Moving up or down?

The USA remain at the top of the Global Food Security Index with 89.3 points. Austria came second with 85.5 points, while the Netherlands and Norway take the third place with identical result. Congo (24.8), Chad (25.5) and Madagascar (27.2) are at the bottom of the list. Let us also take a look at the largest movements on the scale. Compared to 2013 figures, Burma (-4.1 points), Madagascar (-3.1 points) and Romania (-3 points.) dropped down the list the most. The situation in Uganda (5.8 points), Togo (5.2 points) and Serbia (5 points) improved the most.

In developing countries, the areas for improvement include: poor infrastructure, political risk and inflation concerning food prices. Developed countries struggle with adapting to the results of urbanization, and with obesity – the 21st century epidemic.

Obesity as a political issue

This year obesity debuted as an indicator on the Index. The points are calculated by calculating the proportion of people over 20 years of age who qualify as obese. Obesity is diagnosed using the Body Mass Index, with people whose BMI is over 30 put in the “obese” category.

The results of the obesity ranking lead to conclusions both regarding the developing and the developed countries. In such states as Syria, Jordan and Mexico (developing countries), nearly 30% of the population is obese. Interestingly, this is similar to the current proportion of the obese in the population of the USA! Also, 23.2% of the Polish society is afflicted with obesity.

Forecast and challenges for the future

The report indicates that food pricing/affordability is likely to be the major obstacle in gaining access to food. The statistics speak for themselves: in developing countries, food consumption stands for as much as 50-75% of the total household expenditure! The consequences are chilling: one out of eight people in the world go to bed without any supper, while 1.3 billion tonnes of food is wasted globally each year. Also, water and farmland are becoming increasingly scarce.

Food safety is one of the main challenges for the world, especially seeing that the human population is constantly on the rise. Each year, there are 75 million people more on the planet. By 2050, the global population might exceed 9 billion.