Challenges for Kenya
Kenya is known for exporting coffee and tea, and this business provides the country’s economy with considerable revenue. However, at present there is a burning need to ensure food supply safety in the country by bringing about a balance of cereal crops in the region.
Dealing with discrepancies
One of the main problems of agriculture is unequal access to artificial fertilizers and varying hydration level of soil. The most attractive, strategic crops, which are are harvested and exported, are located in areas with the best climate and the uplands. However, the desert and barren territory does not have road access, which would make it possible to transport and sell agricultural crops. As a result, much land remains uncultivated and a half of the Kenyan population lives below the poverty threshold.
The Kenyan authorities are planning to import 100,000 tonnes of subsidized fertilizers in 2014. The selling price is reduced from 29 to 28.8 USD per 50 kg sack. The objective is to encourage the owners of small farms to intensify soil fertilization. The imported fertilizers remain expensive, though, and the rainy season, the most suitable for plant cultivation, is approaching inevitably. The government has therefore launched an information campaign urging farmers to purchase fertilizers and manage to sow crops in time.
An alternative solution
Instead of using artificial fertilizers, it is possible to use the organic waste produced on the farms as a natural fertilizer. However, while manure is the most valuable and rich in minerals, most Kenyan families have too few farm animals. The waste useful in natural fertilization of crops is too scarce.