Can Poland become self-sufficient in food production?
The following aspects of food security are the most commonly analyzed: affordability, availability and quality and safety. Affordability is defined as “the presence of adequate amount of food for the whole population at a given time, in order to provide sustenance”. Availability refers to unrestricted food supply on the market, while quality means that the food ensure a balanced and safe diet.
In the 21st century the food produced in the world could suffice to feed 12-14 billion people. Despite this impressive result, about 1.5 billion people suffer from famine or malnourishment. The inhabitants of the Third World, or the developing countries, remain the most affected by the problem.
Poland in the European Union
Since Poland’s joining the EU in 2004, food security of the country has been rising constantly. At present our country is one of the leaders in global rankings. In Global Food Security Index prepared in 2014, Poland took the 26th position out of 109 countries whose situation had been analyzed.
In the context of food provision self-sufficiency, Poland’s position appears stable. We are also capable of producing much more food than required to feed the present population. More importantly, Poland’s share in EU food production has climbed to 14% and continues to rise.
The value of agricultural goods exported from Poland is also growing year by year, with European Union states the primary market. However, the task for the distributors is to boost sales to countries outside Europe, where very little Polish food used to be exported.