Brazilian Landless Rural Workers Movement and agro-ecology

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Social inequality is the grim norm in Brazil. The farming smallholders are one of the most underprivileged groups in the Brazilian society. Their farms were gradually taken over so that the land could be used for large scale soy and sugar cane plantations (sugar cane is used for fuel production in Brazil). In the search of employment, some of the farmers moved to urban areas; while others ended up in encampamentos, rural slums where the dwellers pass their time, waiting for land.

Landless farmers association

It was the farmers that inhabited encampamentos who established the Landless Rural Workers Movement so as to gain a platform for fighting for their rights. Having found a plot of arable land, some moved to nucleos – a kind of a collective farm made up of 36 families. Each member of nucleo community has their role and tasks, and enjoys democratic rights and customs.

Acting for the society and the environment

Apart from activating the society to fight for equality, the Landless Rural Workers Movement constitutes a part of the agricultural sector in Brazil. Due to a rough start, the farmers of the Movement decided to cultivate land in an environmentally-friendly fashion. This appeared to be a disadvantage at the outset, as the supermarkets controlling the distribution chain of grocery products required the manufacturers to adhere to certain standards which organic food did not live up to. However, the outstanding quality of the products helped them gain recognition on the market and bring revenue to the nucleos.