Urban farming – sustainable opportunity for development
Permaculture is a new buzzword in ecology. It refers to the creation of sustainable architecture of human habitats and self-regulating agricultural systems shaped so as to resemble the natural ecosystems. In practice, permaculture has reached the status of a way of thinking, and involves the implementation of scientific discoveries in activities benefiting the natural environment.
The ever-progressing urbanization process is the primary issue when the interaction of the cities and the natural environment is considered. Urbanization results in the disappearance of green areas and other places where gardens could exist in the cities. The vast agricultural farms are usually situated at a large distance from the metropolitan areas, meaning that city and town inhabitants have limited access to fresh fruit and vegetables and need to make do with buying produce available in local stores.
It is forecast that by 2050, 80% of the global population will be living in urban areas. In order to provide cheap food of good quality for all, a shift in human awareness is needed, as well as tangible activities aimed at creating environmentally-friendly food systems.
Creating urban farms when space is lacking
Urban farming provides a remarkably realistic opportunity of overcoming some problems which have appeared so far. First of all, such crops might eliminate threats ensuing from the limited acreage of land. Vertical farms, which function successfully in multistory buildings, constitute a good example. Land will never be lacking if farms can grow upward, economizing precious space on the ground.
Another idea is placing farms on rooftops as well as in the spaces between buildings, where the inhabitants of a block of flats or the whole neighborhood can work together to run inner gardens and benefit from the yield.