Impact of climate change
Thinking of climate change, we tend to associate the topic with protests of environmental organizations or this year’s drought in Poland. However, the rising average temperature in the world and environmental degradation generate many more losses. Laos serves as an example of a country affected heavily by negative consequences of climate change.
Global warming makes the occurrence of natural disasters more frequent. Unfortunately, the growth of the average temperature on the globe progresses alongside futile scientific debates, with groups of specialists coming up with arguments in favor and against global warming. At the other end of the spectrum are the authorities and citizens of Laos, who have been facing unprecedented number and scale of natural disasters. The country in South Asia has been plagued by cyclones, landslides and disastrous floods. Flooding has been making a particular impact on agricultural production in Laos. To put it in perspective, floods occurred three times in some parts of the country in 2015, while previously such disasters happened once every three years.
Degradation of the natural environment
The increasing frequency of natural disasters has been affecting the lives of Laos inhabitants. Growing temperature leads to wells and springs drying up, while the remaining water reservoirs are contaminated due to excessive fertilization, necessitated by the need to maintain high crop level. The people of Laos have been falling ill more and more often, especially due to problems with the digestive system and the respiratory system. Farm animals are also more prone to diseases, and their longevity has fallen.
How can the situation be improved?
Combating the warming up of the world climate is one of the possible solutions. However, we need to keep in mind that the process is natural up to some point. Also, the countries responsible for the most pollution, namely the USA and China, remain uninterested in actions aimed at reducing the emission of harmful substances to the atmosphere.
Scientists have come up with the idea to use GMO more widely, for example by introducing species of rice that will be more resistant to climate change in Southeast Asia. However, specialists and experts on GMO have remained doubtful about opting for this path.
Innovation in agricultural enterprises, also in such countries as Laos, emerges as the best response to the challenges posed by rising average temperature in the world. Those novelties ought to concern fertilization as well as plant cultivation technology. Educating farmers on sustainable farming is obviously essential.
EU countries become the role models here, seeing that they are the leaders in implementing modern agricultural solutions already. We need to realize that the agriculture in the world will progress on condition that the situation in the developing countries is improved. According to an old saying, “An army progresses at the pace of the slowest soldier”.