How to increase food security in the world
Food security has often been discussed by representatives of chemical companies, including those of Grupa Azoty. Let us consider a number of activities which would surely make a positive impact on the current situation.
1) Increasing consumer awareness
Customers need to gain more knowledge about organic food, and the social and financial aspects of agricultural production. It would be desirable to reduce the demand for seasonal products and increase the consumption of plants available all year round, and explain the idea of „food miles” (distance products travel) to the consumers. It would also be advisable to advocate reducing the consumption of protein-rich produce that requires higher cost of production and larger farmland acreage.
2) Curbing food wastage
Consumers need to be aware of the threats ensuing from throwing food away. Distributors and retail chains have to endeavor to reduce the quantity of food so that it does not travel from the shelves to the garbage heap.
3) Developing perennial crops
New technologies of food production are to help increase crop efficiency in 10-20 years. Using modern tools and procedures more often will enable to reduce the need for human labor and improve the situation connected with water storage and soil protection. Next, it would be possible to reduce the consequences of climate change resulting from excessive carbon dioxide emissions.
4) Training the farmers
Technological progress helps to develop agricultural production. It is necessary to increase resources for educating the farmers and training which makes it possible to use modern technology on the farms.
5) Better use of data
Agricultural manufacturers need support in decision-making processes. The choices concern the use of technological solutions that help collect, connect and process data.
Those measures need to be taken more directly in farms worldwide, making it possible to analyze the information collected. In the long run, it will help the farmers to choose the most efficient methods and crop technologies.
6) Investing in skills and training of women
In the developing countries, the majority of population are women, who also produce over a half of the food available in the world. Investments in training women could lead to raising the efficiency of the crops which they manage, benefiting global food production volume and quality. Legal and cultural limitations which hamper women from gaining education and developing need to be limited and eradicated.
7) Creating more efficient food chains
The task is to raise the efficiency of the whole food production and distribution chain, from field to table. This involves research that aims at making crops more resistant to pest, as well as the best use of argochemical substances. As a result, we could reduce the loss of food on its way from field to table.
8) Educating the young
If we are to tackle food wastage, kids in schools need to be educated. Providing young consumers with knowledge about quick preparation of healthy meals will contribute to reducing the scale of food waste. Children and teens should be made aware of what to buy and how to plan their meals in order to buy what they actually need.